The Day of the Original Peoples is celebrated on April 19 of each year according to the recommendation that emerged at the First Inter-American Indigenous Congress held that same day in 1940, in Pátzcuaro, state of Michoacán, Mexico.
In that congress, the social and economic situation of the original peoples was addressed, with the aim of safeguarding and perpetuating the original cultures throughout the continent. In this sense, he created the Inter-American Indian Institute, dependent on the Organization of American States.
It is worth mentioning that Argentina adhered to the document signed in Patzcuaro and instituted April 19 as the Day of the Original Peoples through Decree 7550 of the National Executive Power.
The Ministry of Culture of Argentina reports on its website that indigenous peoples today represent about 5% of the world population, which translates into 370 million people, grouped into more than 5,000 communities, in about 90 countries, according to UN estimates.
“Although indigenous peoples are synonymous with cultural richness, respect and preservation of nature, they are among the most disadvantaged populations on the planet,” cites the Ministry.
The forests of the territories of indigenous peoples play a fundamental role in stabilizing the climate at the local, regional and global levels. They are also home to an enormous diversity of wild fauna and flora.
Today, April 19, the Day of the Indigenous Peoples of America, the trial for the truth about the Napalpí Massacre begins. It is oral and public: the hearings can be seen on YouTube. There is a thread with information from the court and from https://t.co/BgCQTcriNU 👇🏽#MassacreDeNapalpí #napalpi pic.twitter.com/Hc7KYtaB8t
– Luciana Mignoli (@lumignoli) April 19, 2022
In our country 15 indigenous languages are still spoken, some are:
Aymara: in Buenos Aires
Guarani: in Salta, Jujuy, Corrientes, Formosa, Entre Ríos, Misiones, Buenos Aires and CABA.
Wichi: in Salta, Formosa, Chaco, Buenos Aires and CABA
Mapuche, Mapuche-Tehuelche, Rankülche: in Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Mendoza, San Luis, Cordoba, La Pampa, Santa Cruz, Buenos Aires and CABA.
Qum: in Formosa, Chaco, Salta, Santa Fe and CABA.
— Movement of Indigenous Women for Good Living (@mmindigenas) April 12, 2022