According to the IERAL report, there was significant growth in pig production. This was sustained in recent years at a rate of 3.4% annual average in the period 2018-2023 (taking 2 months of each year).
In the period under analysis, Córdoba registers the largest number of animals mobilized for slaughter (341,000 heads), followed closely by Buenos Aires (322,000); then, further back, come Santa Fe (196 thousand), Entre Ríos (107 thousand) and San Luis (61 thousand). These 5 jurisdictions concentrate 88.4% of the total shipments, participation that has been maintaining quite stable in the last 5 years.
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It should be noted that all the provinces send pigs to slaughter at industrial plants that may be in their own territory or in that of another, generally a neighboring jurisdiction; and they receive animals from farms located in their own province or in another.
From the analysis it appears that there are 10 net receiving jurisdictionsthey receive more animals than they send, and 11 net stations. A particular case is that of Tierra del Fuego, a province with little activity in the sector, in which all its own animals remain in the province and animals from other jurisdictions are not received.
In addition, the growth of a more disintegrated and specialized production model at the farm level is observed. Indeed, the flow of pigs mobilized for wintering is expanding strongly, at a rate of 7.7% annual average between the years 2018 – 2023 (taking the first 2 months of each year as a reference), finding a growing relationship between animals sent to winter and those sent to slaughter, both at the country level and in the leading provinces.
In the country you have to currently 2.3 animals they are sent to overwinter on other farms for every 10 animals sent to slaughter; this ratio rises to 3.0 and 2.7 in the cases of Santa Fe and Córdoba, while it falls to 1.6 and 1.9 in Buenos Aires and Entre Ríos, respectively.
Finally, according to the data, the country had some 414 refrigerators, of which 104 carried out cattle and pig slaughter, about 60 that concentrated only on pig slaughter and about 250 that only carried out bovine slaughter.
An interesting case is Cordova, where the vast majority of the establishments slaughter both pigs and cattle; of the total number of establishments that slaughter pigs, 82% are dual and of the total that slaughter bovines, 75% are dual.