Today marks the International Day of Thrombophilia, a coagulation disorder that causes a propensity to suffer clots or thrombosis, a pathology that in women can cause abortions and / or complications in pregnancies.
Thrombophilia (inherited or acquired) is a blood coagulation disorder that causes people who suffer from it, men and women, to coagulate too much, being prone to thrombosis. According to the WHO, one in four people in the world dies from a stroke, pulmonary thrombosis or myocardial infarction in people under 55 years of age.
It is worth mentioning that during pregnancy, it is the cause of 50% of recurrent abortions, causes intrauterine death, placental abruption, fetal growth retardation, preeclampsia and premature births, many of which do not survive.
However, currently, by medical protocol, a woman must go through 3 miscarriages or recurrent miscarriages to be studied for thrombophilia and thus reach her diagnosis and with it the appropriate treatment to achieve a full-term pregnancy.
In Argentina, the National Law of Attention and Comprehensive Health Care during Pregnancy and Early Childhood (called the 1000 days) establishes that for those people with suspected thrombophilia, the State has the obligation to “procure access to free diagnostic studies and established treatments for such a condition, both for people with exclusive public coverage and for those with other social coverage”.
The treatment of thrombophilias is based on administering low-dose aspirin and heparin, a substance that is an anticoagulant. Without treatment there is only a 20% chance of having a living and healthy child, and with proper treatment the chances of having a healthy child increase to 85%, this being very significant.
Given these circumstances and the suspicion of thrombophilia, it is very important to carry out this prior consultation when planning a new pregnancy, both for the physical and mental health of the mother and to increase the chances of the baby being born.